The Amaravati school of art flourished in the region between the lower valley of the rivers Krishna and Godavari covered by the Districts of Amravati and Guntur. This region became an important center of Buddhism in the second century B.C. and that provided the first incentive in Amravati school, the school matured itself by the middle of the second century A.D., and beautiful sculptural pieces were created.
This school exerted great influence on the later South Indian sculpture. Its products were taken to Ceylon and Southeast Asian countries. It influenced the sculptural art of those countries. The Amravati school serves as a link between the earlier art of Bharhut, Gaya, and Sanchi, on the one hand, the Pallava art, and late Gupta art on the other.
Craftsmen of Amravati school created beautiful human images. The images of Buddha were built depicting scenes from the life of Buddha and surrounded by free standing figures of Buddha. Though this school successfully depicted love, compassion, devotion and sacrifice, yet physical beauty and sensual expressions were prominent.
The figures and statues carved under the influence of Amravati school (also called Vengi school) have been regarded as the best amongst the contemporaries not only from the point of view of their size, physical beauty, and expression of human emotions but also from the point of view of composition. The figures and images are so made that they seem to be interlinked with each other and present not distinct figures and images, but a well-composed painting depicting a scene or an event.
The art of Amravati is naturalistic and sensuous. The female figures in different hanging are its best creation. The Yaksnis and dancing girls have full busts, heavy hips, and living flesh and show infinite love, grace, and beauty. Even men, animals, and vegetation have been treated elegantly. Images and figures of even more than 16 feet in height were built here. Feminine beauty has been depicted at Amravati more successfully than at Mathura.
Never so far was the delicate and voluptuous beauty of the human frame so richly and luxuriously conceived and never were technical skill and efficiency more adequate for the realization of the conception