List of important Archaeological sites in India

Following is the list of important Archaeological sites in India

CHOPNIMANDO

  1. Located in Uttar Pradesh
  2. An important site of Mesolithic
  3. Evidence of paleolithic (phase-I) and Mesolithic (Later phase): Epi-palaeolithic represents stone tools smaller than upper paleolithic but larger than mesolithic
  4. The earliest evidence of the use of pottery about 9000-8000 BC
  5. Evidence of rice (Neolithic age)
  6. Evidence of circular & oval huts
  7. Chopnimando evidence suggests a transition from hunting-gathering to a settled mode of life, possibly with incipient agriculture

SARAI NAHAR RAI

  1. Located in UP – S-W of Pratapgarh
  2. Situated on the bank of a dried ox-bow lake (such lakes are common in UP countryside), representing a part of an old bed of the river Ganga
  3. A mesolithic site
  4. Evidence of microlithic industry
  5. Evidence of animal bones
  6. Evidence of burials – bodies in W-E direction (Head in West)
  7. Graves are oblong pits
  8. Evidence of grave goods

DAMDAMA

  1. Located in UP at the confluence of the two branches of a small stream within the drainage system of the Sair river.
  2. A mesolithic site in Ganga plain.
  3. Evidence of microliths, animal bones, bone objects, and charred wild grains
  4. Evidence of 41 human graves.
  5. 4 evidence of double burials – 2 show male-female burials.
  6. 1 evidence of 3 persons – 2 male and 1 female in one grave
  7. Orientation of bodies, principally west-east
  8. Evidence of skeletons with personal ornaments 7. 7 8. 8

MAHADAHA

  1. Located in UP on the bank of a dried-up ox-bow lake.
  2. A mesolithic site
  3. Evidence of microliths made of chert, chalcedony, quartz, agate, etc.
  4. Evidence of remarkable burial practices – 2 cases of male-female burials
  5. Grave pits are elliptical and slightly sloping
  6. The general orientation of bodies is west-east.
  7. Evidence of grave goods includes bone ornaments, microliths, animal bones.

KILE GUL MOHAMMAD

  1. Located in Quetta Valley in Baluchistan.
  2. A pre-Harappan culture site as well as N-W neolithic site (5000 BC)
  3. Evidence of mud houses
  4. Evidence of Herding – Cattle, Sheep, Goat
  5. Evidence of microliths
  6. Evidence of different kinds of pottery (a) Crude handmade, (b) Fine wheel-made black-on-red ware with a geometric design, (c) Kechi beg ware (named after the site of Kechi beg in this region, where the pottery was first discovered), buff ware, also use of red paint.
  7. Evidence of copper objects.

RANA GHUNDAI

  1. Located in Baluchistan
  2. A site of Early Harappan Culture
  3. A site of Zhob Culture
  4. Evidence of fine painted pottery
  5. Evidence of Herding — Sheep, Ox, Goat
  6. Evidence of Horse teeth.

GANESHWAR

  1. Located in Rajasthan.
  2. A site of Early Harappan Culture
  3. Typical chalcolithic site of early phase
  4. Evidence of copper objects & microliths
  5. Discovered and excavated by R.C. Agarwal
  6. Discovery of several hundred copper objects like arrowheads, spearheads, bangles, axes, rings, etc.

MUTCHTALACHINTAMANI GAVI

  1. Located in Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh.
  2. An important site of upper paleolithic
  3. First evidence of bone tools
  4. More than 90% of the total tools discovered are bone tools

REHMAN DHERI

  1. Located in Gomal Valley in Baluchistan
  2. A site of Early Harappan Culture
  3. A site of Kotdiji Culture
  4. Evidence of earliest urban phase
  5. Evidence of fortification, pottery
  6. Evidence of Grafitti (Potter’s marks) – Considered rudimentary stage of script

LEVAN

  1. Located in NWFP
  2. A site of Early Harappan Culture
  3. Noted for evidence of stone tools factory

JORWE

  1. Located in Ahmadnagar district of Maharashtra
  2. Situated on the left bank of the river Pravara, a tributary of the Godavari
  3. The type-site of Jorwe Culture
  4. Pottery: Painted black on red
  5. Evidence of unique burial practices

ADICHANALLUR

  1. Located in Tamil Nadu
  2. An important Megalithic site
  3. Evidence of Megalithic burials
  4. Discovery of iron tools & objects
  5. Evidence of agriculture & herding

SENUVAR

  1. Located in Bihar
  2. An important site of Ganga Valley Neolithic.
  3. Evidence of remarkable bone tools
  4. 4 Evidence of rice cultivation
  5. Evidence of the cultivation of barley, pea, millets, lentil

UTNUR

  1. Located in Andhra Pradesh
  2. An important neolithic site
  3. Evidence of ash-mounds
  4. Evidence of agriculture & herding
  5. Evidence of cowshed & cattle hoof impressions

NEWASA

  1. Located in Maharashtra
  2. Findings & study of Newasa by H.D. Sankalia in 1956 established the Middle Palaeolithic phase in India
  3. Newasa is a representative site of Middle Palaeolithic phase in India 3.

RENUGUNTA

  1. Located in Andhra Pradesh
  2. An important upper Palaeolithic site
  3. It has yielded a large number of blades, the characteristic of upper paleolithic
  4. It has also yielded mesolithic microlithics

BHIMBETKA

  1. Located in Vindhyan range, south of Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh
  2. An important site of the stone age (paleolithic to mesolithic)
  3. A striking site of pre-historic art
  4. It has more than 500 painted rock shelters (painting of human, animals, and birds)

PIKLIHAL

  1. Located in Andhra Pradesh
  2. An important neolithic site of South India (2000 BC to 1000 BC)
  3. Evidence of domestication of cattle, sheep, and goats.
  4. Evidence of ash-mounds, cowshed & cattle hoof impressions
  5. Also represents the earliest iron phase (Megalithic) in South India
  6. Also evidence of copper hoard culture
  7. Rock-painting of a horse belonging to the iron phase

GUNGERIA

  • Located in Madhya Pradesh
  • Associated with Copper Hoard Culture (about 2000 BC to 1500 BC)
  • It yields the largest copper hoard which contains 424 copper tools and weapons
  • This hoard also contains 102 thin sheets of silver objects

GILUND

  1. Located in Rajasthan
  2. It is a site of Ahar / Banas culture
  3. It represents Chaleolithic culture
  4. It has yielded brick structures which may be placed roughly between 2000 BC – 1500 BC which is in general absent in Chalcolithic culture
  5. It has yielded only fragments of copper
  6. A stone-blade industry has been discovered

BAGOR

  1. Located in Rajasthan
  2. A well-excavated site of Mesolithic Age
  3. It had a distinctive microlithic industry
  4. It gives evidence of pastoralism (the earliest evidence of domestication of animals along with Adamgarh)

PANDU RAJAR DHIBI

  1. Located in Burdwan (W. Bengal)
  2. A chalcolithic site of Eastern Chalcolithic culture
  3. The remains of structures are poor indicating post holes and roundhouses

JAKHERA

  1. Located in Uttar Pradesh
  2. A PGW site
  3. Evidence of iron ploughshare and other iron objects
  4. Evidence of circular Huts – in the later phase evidence of rectangular huts also 4.

DADHERI

  1. Located in Punjab
  2. A PGW site
  3. Evidence of co-existence of late Harappan pottery & PGW

KATPALON

  1. Located in Punjab
  2. A PGW site
  3. Evidence of co-existence of Late Harappan Pottery & PGW

RIWAT

  1. Located in Sohan Valley, W. Punjab, PAK 2.
  2. An important Lower Paleolithic site
  3. Evidence of hand ax, typical of Lower Palaeolithic

HATHNORA

  1. Located in Narmada Vallley
  2. A Lower Palaeolithic site
  3. Evidence of Homo Erectus, called Narmada Man

ATTIRRAM PAKAM

  1. Located in Tamil Nadu
  2. A Lower Palaeolithic site
  3. An important site of what is known as Madras Industry
  4. It has yielded rich Acheulean tools

PALLAVARAM

  1. Located in Tamil Nadu
  2. A Lower Palaeolithic site
  3. Discovery of first hand axe (acheulean tool)
  4. An important site of what is known as Madras industry

RAJPUR PARSU

  1. Located in Bijnor district in UP
  2. A copper Hoard culture site
  3. It has also yielded ochre-colored pottery – so an ochre-colored pottery culture site also
  4. Small in size and mounds have a low height – this indicates a relatively short duration of the settlement

KAYATHA

  1. Located near Ujjain
  2. Situated on the bank of the river Kalisindh
  3. The type-site of Kayatha culture (2000 BC – 1800 BC) – a Chalcolithic culture Pottery : (a) Red slipped ware painted in dark brown, (b) Red painted buff ware, (c) Combed ware.

SAVALDA

  1. Located in Maharashtra
  2. A chalcolithic culture
  3. The type-site of Salvada Culture (2000 BC-1800 BC)
  4. Pottery is black-on-red painted, decorated with birds, animals, fishes, etc.

DEOJALI HADING

  1. Located in north Cachar hills (Assam)
  2. An important site of Eastern Neolithic (around 2000 BC)
  3. Evidence of small ground axes, shouldered celts
  4. Evidence of cord-impressed pottery

DAMB SADAT

  1. Located in Baluchistan
  2. A site of Early Harappan Culture
  3. A site of Quetta culture
  4. Evidence of pottery and figure of a bull

ROHRI

  1. Located in Northern sindh
  2. A site of Early Harappan Culture
  3. Noted for evidence of stone industry

SUKKUR

  1. Located in Northern sindh
  2. A site of Early Harappan Culture
  3. Noted for evidence of stone industry

TILWARA

  1. Located in Rajasthan
  2. A mesolithic site
  3. Rich in microlithics
  4. It has two phases and phase-l is mesolithic
  5. Phase-Il has yielded wheel-made pottery & pieces of iron with microliths

SANGANKALLU

  1. Located in Karnataka
  2. A mesolithic site
  3. It has yielded cores, flakes, points, and crescent
  4. It also represents the neolithic phase-the earliest with Nagarjunkonda in the South Neolithic phase suggests the beginning of agriculture, herding, and pottery
  5. Evidence of ash mound (Neolithic)

T. NARSIPUR

  1. Located in Karnataka
  2. An important Neolithic site
  3. Period-2000 BC-1000 BC
  4. Evidence of ash-mounds
  5. Evidence of polished tools as well as microliths
  6. Evidence of agriculture – produced millet and horsegram, Green Gram
  7. Evidence of pottery
  8. Evidence of herding – Cattle, Sheep, Goat mainly

PAIYAMPALLI

  1. Located in Tamil Nadu
  2. An important neolithic site
  3. Period – 2000 BC-1000 BC
  4. Evidence of ash-mounds
  5. Evidence of polished tools as well as microlith blades
  6. Evidence of agriculture – produced millet and horse gram, Green Gram
  7. Evidence of pottery
  8. Evidence of herding – Cattle, Sheep, Goat mainly

TEKKALKOTA

  1. Located in Karnataka
  2. An important neolithic site
  3. Period – 2000 BC-1000 BC
  4. Evidence of ash-mounds
  5. Evidence of polished tools as well as microlith blades
  6. Evidence of agriculture – produced millet and horse gram, Green Gram
  7. Evidence of pottery
  8. Evidence of herding – Cattle, Sheep, Goat mainly

HALLUR

  1. Located in Karnataka
  2. An important neolithic site
  3. Period – 2000 BC-1000 BC
  4. Evidence of ash-mounds
  5. Evidence of polished tools as well as microlith blades
  6. Evidence of agriculture – produced millet and horse gram, Green Gram
  7. Evidence of pottery
  8. Evidence of herding – Cattle, Sheep, Goat mainly
  9. Also represents the megalithic phase

Source: https://wryddle.com/archaeological-sites-in-indian-sub-continent-with-map/

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