The Satvahanas-Architecture & Literature

Peruse this article to find out with regards to the Satavahana Line: Rulers, Organization, Society and Monetary and Strict Conditions during the Standard of Satavahana Administration!

In the north-western Deccan on the remains of the Mauryan realm emerged the realm of the Satavahanas in the primary century B.C., with its middle at Pratishtana (current Paithan in Maharashtra).

The Puranas talk just of the Andhra rule and not of the Satavahana rule. Then again the name Andhra doesn’t happen in the Satvahana engravings. There is a ton of discussion in regards to the first home of the Satavahanas.

The rulers addressed in epigraphic records are referenced in the Puranas as Andhras, Andhra – bhrityah and Andhrajatiyah. The Aitareya Brahmana discusses them as the ruffian children of Visvamitra. Pliny the Senior alludes to the Andhras as an incredible race which provided the ruler with a multitude of 1, 00,000 infantry, 2,000 mounted force and 1,000 elephants.

The Satavahanas were additionally called/the Andhra line, which has prompted the presumption that they started in the Andhra locale, the delta of the Krishna and Godavari waterways on the east coast, from where they moved westwards up the Godavari stream, at long last building up their force in the west during the overall political disarray on the separating of the Mauryan realm.

An opposite assessment has additionally been advanced that the family started in the west and stretched out its control toward the east coast, at last giving its name, Andhra, to this locale. Since the most punctual engravings of the Satavahanas are found in the Western Deccan, the later view might be right

The Andhras stood firm on a foothold of significance as ahead of schedule as the Mauryan time frame, since they are explicitly referenced by Asoka among the ancestral individuals in his realm.

Early Satavahanas:

The originator of the Satavahana tradition was Simuka. He and his replacements set up their position from the mouth of the Krishna to the whole Deccan level. As indicated by the Puranas, the Satavahana lord killed the last Kanva leader of Magadha and apparently claimed his realm.

The soonest of the Satavahana rulers to get wide acknowledgment was Satakarni I, and this was because of his strategy of military extension every which way. He is the Ruler of the west who resisted Kharavela of Kalinga and against whom the last crusaded. His triumphs took him north of the Narmada into eastern Malva, which at the time was being undermined by the Shakas and the Greeks.

Satakarni I dealt with the locale of Sanchi, and an engraving there alludes to him as Rajan Shri Satakarni. His best course of action was the southerly way and on overcoming the Godavari valley hefelt qualified for call himself Ruler of the Southern Locales’ (Dakshina – pathapati).

The portrayal of Satakarni I as (‘Dakshina – pathapati) in the Nanaghat engraving of Nayanika demonstrates that the Satavahana territory was not restricted to western Deccan alone, however included different spaces of the Deccan and past Satakarni I performed two Asvamedha penances and one Rajasuya penance.

Later Satavahanas:

After the rule of Satakarni I, the Satavahanas were driven out of the western Deccan by the Shakas of the Kshaharata group. Coins and engravings of the Shaka Boss Nahapana have been found around Nasik, demonstrating the Shaka predominance nearby towards the end of the principal century A.D. or then again the start of the second.

Yet, it more likely than not been before long this that the Satavahanas recaptured their western belongings, for the coins of Nahapana are regularly viewed as over-struck by the name Gautamiputra Satakarni, the ruler who was liable for restoring Satavahana power around here by driving out the Shakas.

Gautamiputra Satakarni (A.D. 106 – 130) is said to have annihilated the force of the Shakas and the pride of the Khastriyas, advanced the interests of the twice-conceived and halted the blending of the four varnas. His accomplishments are recorded in shining terms in the Nasik prasasti by his mom Gautami Balasri.

He managed over a wide region reaching out from the Krishna in the south to Malwa and Saurashtra in the north and from Berar in the east to the Konkan in the west. To the Buddhists he made big-hearted gifts. His support to Brahmanism is uncovered by the appellation ‘Ekabrahmana’.

Satavahana Organization:

The Satavahana coins, engravings and writing are the rich wellspring of our insight about their authoritative framework. In this period the South was managed over by the governments. Lord was the most noteworthy authority of the Public authority and his office was genetic.

They didn’t accept high sounding titles. Likewise, the Satavahana rulers didn’t put stock in divine privileges of a lord and they conveyed organization in accor­dance with the orders of the Dharma Shastras and the social traditions. The ruler himself drove his militaries in the war zone and was president of his powers.

There was likewise a chamber of priests to help and exhort him for doing the organization appropriately. The ruler was the top of the Public authority just as the defender to his kin. The Satavahana rulers viewed their subjects as their own kids and consistently cared for their government assistance.

The Satavahana Realm was exceptionally tremendous. Their authoritative framework was medieval. They had split their realm between various medieval bosses who dealt with the land income framework and cared for the organization.

There were three grades of feudatories – the ‘Raja’, the ‘Mahabhoja’ and the ‘Maharathi or ‘Senapati”. The ‘Raja’ had a place with the most elevated grade. He reserved the privilege to force charges and to strike coins. The realm was partitioned into territories and ‘Janapadas’ for managerial proficiency.

The high­est official in an area was ‘Amatya’ or clergyman. His office was not genetic. Men of demonstrated capacity were named to this authority. Every unit had a few towns. A town was managed by a ‘Gramika’. There we a few authorities to help the ruler. Out of them, the most significant were ‘Senapati, ‘Mahabhoja’, ‘Koshadhyaksha’, ‘Rajadoof, ‘Amatya’ and so forth

There was likewise a unique authority called ‘Uparakshita’ who was accused of the obligation of building caves and so forth for the priests. The ‘bhikshus’ (priests) and Brahmanas were held in high regard and they too noticed and lectured exclusive requirements of lead. They were past the standard laws of the Public authority.

In this period, the nearby organization had its own significance. There were discrete association to care for the organization of the towns and the towns. The towns were controlled by a body called the ‘Nagarsabha’ while in towns there were ‘Gram Sabhas’. These associations conveyed their capacities autonomously with practically no obstruction.

The tactical organization of the Satavahanas was additionally very proficient. Their military comprised of infantrymen, cavalry and elephants. Infantrymen or infantry was the foundation of the military and they shaped the vanguard and were flanked on one or the other side by ponies and elephants. The warriors utilized swords, lances, tomahawks and armours as weapons of war.

It was by dint of proficient military organization that the Satavahanas prevailed with regards to growing their realms. They updated a regiment as often as possible in every town for keeping harmony and control. They were kept up with to the detriment of the rustic occupants.

Society during Satavahana Period:

The coins, model and writing of the Satavahana time frame are the wellspring of our insight in regard of the contemporary organization as well as about the political, social, monetary and strict and social conditions.

Social Condition:

The Satavahana society was isolated into four classes. This division depended on monetary action and status. The five star comprised of high authorities and feudatory boss who managed over regions and areas. The below average included trivial officials like Amatyas Mahamatras and affluent brokers. In the second rate class were the working class people groups like Vaidyas or doctors, journalists, laborers, goldsmiths, perfumers and so on

The fourth and the last class were comprised of the most reduced livelihoods like woodworkers, smithies, anglers and grounds-keepers. There were the four divisions of the general public. The littlest unit was the family wherein the oldest living part com­manded the best regard. He was known as the ‘Grihapati and was complied by the wide range of various individuals from the family.

Ladies were respected. They were given advanced education and they participated in strict func­tions. A portion of the rulers even added their mom’s name to their own name, for example, Gautamiputra, Vashishthiputra, Pulumavi, Kaushakiputra and so on

This training itself uncovers that the situation with ladies was a lot of high. Once in a while, ladies accepted guardianship of their minor children and went about as their officials. They likewise partook in the Ashvamedhas. The Satavahanas were Brahmanas.

Hence, Brahmansnism took fast steps under their standard. The Brahmanas were concurred the most noteworthy spot. Exertion was likewise made to revice the Varna framework. In their bid to magnify Brahmanism the Smritis announced that a ten years of age Brahman would be more loved than a 100 years of age Kshatriya.

Blended relationships were considered repulsive however there are a few cases of such relationships. Vashishthiputra Pulumavi himself wedded the little girl of the Saka ruler Rudradaman consequently giving decency to such relationships. In this period, bury relationships among the Hindus and unfamiliar clans of the Sakas, the parthians and the Greeks were openly fulfilled so these outsiders were consumed perpetually in the Hindu social request.

Financial Condition:

Agribusiness and exchange were prosperous. Life of the everyday person was glad as he was all around gave all offices of life. They were financially wealthy. They acquired numerous characteristics of the material culture of the Mauryas and improved their life and well

Leave a Comment